A fastener US English or fastening UK English  is a hardware device that mechanically joins or affixes two or more objects together. In general, fasteners are used to create non-permanent joints; that is, joints that can be removed or dismantled without damaging the joining components. Steel fasteners are usually made of stainless steel , carbon steel , or alloy steel. Other alternative methods of joining materials include: crimping , welding , soldering , brazing , taping , gluing , cement , or the use of other adhesives. Force may also be used, such as with magnets , vacuum like suction cups , or even friction like sticky pads. Some types of woodworking joints make use of separate internal reinforcements, such as dowels or biscuits , which in a sense can be considered fasteners within the scope of the joint system, although on their own they are not general purpose fasteners.
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Restroom SuppliesVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Pipe Fittings - Piping Analysis
And while there are numerous factors impacting indoor air quality, one of the easiest to address happens to be the types of cleaners used in your facility. Sustainable Supply has the web's best selection of green restroom supplies for commercial buildings, restaurants, offices, schools, and more.
We make going green easy and affordable by offering the most trusted brands at wholesale prices. Stock up on everything you need to maintain or upgrade your restroom. Working on a large project or need a large volume quote? Contact one of our project managers today for expert advice on product selection and industry-best practices.
Choosing the products for your new restroom can be a real ho-hum kind of event. What do you need? Hand dryers. Toilet paper dispensers. The list goes on, but all those products are quite straightforward. Nothing flashy or high-tech…. At the same time, due diligence requires you to make informed decisions about the products that will be with you for many, many years.
The term? Life cycle costing, according to the U. Green Building Council, is the evaluation of the total cost of a building or product over its useful life, including initial, maintenance, repair, and replacement costs as well as savings. In short, LCC evaluates economic performance.
It was not long ago that there were far fewer factors controlling that decision-making process -- initial cost and a distributor approval process were about it. The savings can now be applied to other needed products -- a case of toilet bowl cleaner, two cases 48 rolls each of toilet paper, two soap dispensers, or 10 air filters, to name a few. In that scenario, it would seem that toilet A offers the easiest path to savings.
But what if toilet A uses 1. What if toilet A is a urinal that uses 1 gallon per flush, and toilet B is a waterless urinal which naturally does not use water? Option A saves you money on the initial cost of the item, but option B saves the same amount in one year of water consumption plus every year after that for the lifecycle of the product.
Additional savings happen through maintenance, repair, and installation. In fact, the simple payback for toilet B would be less than four years, after which the unit continues to save your budget for the remainder of its lifecycle.
So using life cycle costing will give the most accurate economic picture of the products you are considering, and should be part of the criteria used for selection. What Does Green Mean? Green means high efficiency, and high efficiency means money saved through decreased electricity or water consumption.
Green means human health, and healthy people are happier, more productive, and potentially absent less. Finally, green means environmentally sustainable, which requires that meeting the needs of the present does not compromise the ability of future generations to meet their needs.
Water Efficiency Water efficiency is the widest gateway to budgetary savings in the restroom. Products capable of producing water savings include toilets, urinals, flush valves, faucets, wash fountains, and showerheads. Here is the current baseline water consumption of restroom fixtures and fittings: Toilets - 1.
High-efficiency toilets HETs are fixtures that have an average flush volume of 1. For a building that replaces just five toilets at 1. Those savings mean that each toilet would pay for itself in just a couple of years. And if the toilet you are replacing has a greater than 1. The definition of an HEU is a fixture that flushes at. Within this product category, waterless urinals offer the most amount of savings over the urinals you would be replacing.
Restroom faucets retrofitted with an aerator start to rack up the savings after a few short months, and WaterSense labeled showerheads can continue the savings if your facility offers a shower stall. Here is the current baseline water consumption of restroom fixtures and fittings:.
The products that have an impact on this category are the lighting and hand dryers if used. However, hand dryers are not a product category that is Energy Star qualified yet, but High-Speed Energy Efficient dryers are available. Gone are the 60 second drying times. Gone is the need to push a button to activate the unit.
Another critical element of electricity consumption in your restroom is the lighting. The last line of the chart clearly shows the connection between efficiency and budgetary savings. LED lighting consumes so much less energy than the incandescent bulbs; it would be a shame to pass up the opportunity to extend the same savings throughout your facility.
While the water and energy consumption of various products is easy to quantify with numbers and costs, looking at the materials and resources of those products has more to do with environmental impact and the eventual disposal of them. Those goals are important to consider when it comes to the purchasing of dispensers soap, paper towel, toilet tissue, and seat covers as well as the product they dispense, grab bars, bathroom stall dividers, even sink materials.
The option to purchase the grab bar with greater recycled content has more to do with the triple bottom line. While companies have a clear responsibility to financial health, more and more are becoming aware of a responsibility for the environment as it relates to business operations. There are several certifications to look for with paper products that will provide guidance at a glance regarding chlorine and dye use, recycled content, and landfill diversion.
Dispensers in the restroom are everywhere - the sink, hand drying, toilet, etc. All dispensers are available in stainless steel, and that means recycled content. Toilet partitions are an important factor in any restroom and are available in so many options that qualified assistance is highly recommended before final purchase.
But keeping the previously mentioned materials and resources goals as guidance can assist the decision-making process before making a call to the experts. Indoor Environmental Quality Indoor environmental quality IEQ includes any of the factors that affect air quality, lighting, thermal conditions, and ergonomics. Within the green restroom, the products impacting IEQ include cleaners and light.
When comparing the salaries and benefits of the people inside a building with any other factor, such as the mortgage or energy costs, the people heavily outweigh those factors -- more than ten times the rent and a hundred times the energy per square foot. So for business owners, the connection is simple: improved IEQ leads to increased occupant comfort, and workers who are comfortable are more productive and absent less.
Indoor environmental quality impacts the bottom line. Using green cleaners should first begin with the establishment of a green cleaning program, which would extend beyond the restroom and reduce employee exposure to harmful chemicals building-wide. The chemicals used in standard cleaners may contain volatile organic compounds VOCs and a host of other chemical irritants that can be associated with a variety health complications, anything from skin rashes to asthma.
A green cleaning program acknowledges that fact and looks at chemical location, ingredients, quantity, and training, as well as establishing a pest control plan, and evaluating the cleaning equipment used.
Just like the materials and resources section, certifications can provide the most assistance when deciding which cleaners to use. Some will be familiar:. Understanding the relevant certifications related to green cleaning allows your business to be flexible if an individual product is discontinued or otherwise unavailable. Home Restroom. Restroom Supplies Categories. A Business Case for the Green Restroom Choosing the products for your new restroom can be a real ho-hum kind of event.
Life cycle costing LCC. Therefore, the foundation for realizing a green restroom looks like this: High-efficiency - water and energy consumption - labels to look for include WaterSense and Energy Star. Human Health - low chemical emissions, free of hazardous materials, etc. Shop By.
Intellectual Property Rights. Elsevier , 28 iun. This volume reviews the publicly available sources of statistical information on intellectual property rights, looking principally at patents, designs, royalties and inventions. The book examines the criteria against which intellectual property is measured, discussing the definitions of 'inventive activity' and 'applied research'; the differences between 'inventiveness' and 'creativity'; the meaning of originality; and the distinctions between scientific originality, industrial inventiveness and business acumen. A valuable source of information for researchers and professionals in the field.
3.2 Space Planning
Federal government websites often end in. The site is secure. Closed Offices Versus Open Plan. The open plan approach with a very limited number of ceiling height partitions for offices is encouraged. It has a higher degree of efficiency and flexibility, and provides easier distribution of natural light and daylighting techniques, heating and cooling to the working areas. This approach can be adapted to a larger building depth and still present an open and airy atmosphere. It also encourages interaction between individuals and work groups.
You're using an outdated browser. This website will not display correctly and some features will not work. Learn more about the browsers we support for a faster and safer online experience. Note: This Regulation was revoked on January 1, See: O. Characteristics of Materials, Appliances, Systems and Equipment. Absorption trench means an excavation in soil , as defined in Part 8 of Division B, or in leaching bed fill , being part of a leaching bed , in which a distribution pipe is laid that allows infiltration of the effluent into the soil , as defined in Part 8 of Division B, or leaching bed fill.
Office supplies are consumables and equipment regularly used in offices by businesses and other organizations, by individuals engaged in written communications, recordkeeping or bookkeeping, janitorial and cleaning, and for storage of supplies or data. The range of items classified as office supplies varies, and typically includes small, expendable, daily use items, consumable products, small machines, higher cost equipment such as computers, as well as office furniture and art. Office supplies are typically divided by type of product and general use. Some of the many different office supply products include. Common supplies and office equipment items before the advent of suitably priced word processing machines and PCs in the s and s were: typewriters , slide rules , calculators , adding machines ,  carbon- and carbonless paper. Many businesses in the office supply industry have recently [ when? Some businesses also provide services for shipping, including packaging and bulk mailing and even offer diverse services like screen printing , office coffee, office fruit and office grocery delivery.
The application of the referenced standards shall be limited and as prescribed in section Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this code, have the meanings shown in this chapter. Words used in the present tense include the future; words stated in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural, the singular. Where terms are not defined in this code and are defined in the International Energy Conservation Code, International Fuel Gas Code, fire code, mechanical code or plumbing code , such terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them as in those codes.
NSF has facilitated the development of more than 75 standards and protocols for sanitary food equipment, and has certified thousands of products as safe to use in restaurant and commercial kitchen settings. NSF food equipment standards include requirements for material safety, design, construction and product performance. NSF standards and protocols can provide credibility and industry acceptance for emerging technologies, and certification from NSF, the most trusted name in food equipment, can give standing to new products and help them succeed. Learn more. To purchase standards, visit the NSF Bookstore website. This includes heat treatment dispensing freezers that process and dispense previously pasteurized frozen dairy products by batch or continuous feed directly into the customer's container. This includes storage refrigerators and freezers reach-in, under counter, walk-in, roll-in ; rapid pull-down refrigerators and freezers; refrigerated food transport cabinets, buffet units and food preparation units; display refrigerators; beverage coolers; and ice cream cabinets. This includes equipment designed to dispense servings of milk or milk products by manual or machine actuation. This includes wait stations, service counters and other counters. This includes requirements for cleanability, durability, and resistance to the use environment, microbiological growth and vermin.
O. Reg. 350/06: BUILDING CODE
С того момента как полицейский доставил сюда канадца, прошло уже несколько часов. Перелом запястья, разбитая голова - скорее всего ему оказали помощь и давно выписали. Беккер все же надеялся, что в клинике осталась какая-то регистрационная запись - название гостиницы, где остановился пациент, номер телефона, по которому его можно найти.
Если повезет, он разыщет канадца, получит кольцо и тут же вернется домой. Если потребуется, заплатите за это кольцо хоть десять тысяч долларов. Я верну вам деньги, - сказал ему Стратмор. В этом нет необходимости, - ответил на это Беккер. Он так или иначе собирался вернуть деньги.
Commercial Food Equipment Standards
Послушай, Мидж, к Стратмору я не отношусь ни плохо ни хорошо. Ну, понимаешь, он криптограф. Они все, как один, - эгоцентристы и маньяки. Если им что нужно, то обязательно еще вчера. Каждый затраханный файл может спасти мир.
Тогда они оба подумали, что он где-то допустил ошибку, но сейчас-то она знала, что действовала правильно. Тем не менее информация на экране казалась невероятной: NDAKOTA ETDOSHISHA.
Протянула руку и нажала на кнопку. Экран погас. ГЛАВА 39 Росио Ева Гранада стояла перед зеркалом в ванной номера 301, скинув с себя одежду. Наступил момент, которого она с ужасом ждала весь этот день.
Н-нет… Не думаю… - Голос его дрожал. Беккер склонился над. - Вам плохо. Клушар едва заметно кивнул: - Просто… я переволновался, наверное.
В качестве штатного ангела-хранителя компьютерных систем АН Б Джабба ходил по отделам, делал замечания, что-то налаживал и тем самым постоянно подтверждал свое кредо, гласившее, что профилактика-лучшее лекарство. Ни один из поднадзорных ему компьютеров АНБ не заразился вирусом, и он был намерен не допустить этого и впредь. Рабочим местом Джаббы была платформа, с которой открывался вид на подземную сверхсекретную базу данных АНБ.