PET, which stands for polyethylene terephthalate , is a form of polyester just like the clothing fabric. It is extruded or molded into plastic bottles and containers for packaging foods and beverages, personal care products, and many other consumer products. PET is a highly valued packaging material because it is strong yet lightweight, non-reactive, economical, and shatterproof. PET's safety for food, beverage, personal care, pharmaceutical and medical applications is recognized by health authorities around the world. PET containers are popular for packaging sodas, water, juices, salad dressings, cooking oil, peanut butter, shampoo, liquid hand soap, mouthwash, pharmaceuticals, even tennis balls.
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Glossary of Industry Terms
PET, which stands for polyethylene terephthalate , is a form of polyester just like the clothing fabric. It is extruded or molded into plastic bottles and containers for packaging foods and beverages, personal care products, and many other consumer products.
PET is a highly valued packaging material because it is strong yet lightweight, non-reactive, economical, and shatterproof.
PET's safety for food, beverage, personal care, pharmaceutical and medical applications is recognized by health authorities around the world. PET containers are popular for packaging sodas, water, juices, salad dressings, cooking oil, peanut butter, shampoo, liquid hand soap, mouthwash, pharmaceuticals, even tennis balls.
Virtually all single-serving and 2-liter bottles of carbonated soft drinks and water sold in the U. Special grades of PET are used for carry-home prepared food containers that can be warmed in the oven or microwave.
PET is a polymer of ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. Pellets of PET resin are heated to a molten liquid, which can be easily extruded or molded into almost any shape. PET was first synthesized in the U.
PET containers are typically molded on the bottom or side with the number 1 surrounded by the triangular "chasing arrows" symbol and the acronym PET or PETE below the triangle. Only PET carries the 1 identification code. PET, or polyethylene terephthalate , is the chemical name for polyester. When PET is used for fiber or fabric applications, it is usually referred to as "polyester. Like glass, PET is hygienic, strong, resistant to attack by micro-organisms, does not react with foods or beverages, and will not biologically degrade.
Its safety for food and beverage use is recognized by health authorities around the world. But unlike glass, PET is extremely lightweight, simple to transport and won't break, which is why it's preferred for packaging many foods and beverages.
PET bottles are cleared for both single and repeated use by the FDA and other world health-safety agencies. It's a common misconception that refilling or reusing a PET bottle will somehow cause the bottle to degrade or to release harmful substances.
PET is a stable, inert material that doesn't biologically or chemically degrade with use, and is resistant to attack by micro-organisms.
Although PET bottles are approved for both single and repeated use, the refilling and re-use of any bottle first requires careful cleaning. Always use soap and hot water. Dry thoroughly to make sure it is free of any moisture that might promote bacterial growth. Consumers should avoid re-using any bottle that has been scratched inside, since bacteria can become lodged in scratches.
PET is a biologically inert material that doesn't react with foods or beverages and is resistant to attack by micro-organisms. It's been thoroughly reviewed and approved as safe for contact with foods and drinks by the FDA, Health Canada, the European Food Safety Authority and other health-safety agencies.
It has also been used by consumers around the world for more than 30 years without any known adverse effects. PET itself is biologically inert if ingested. It depends on the shelf-life requirements. The grades of PET used for soft drinks don't quite have the oxygen barrier properties needed to maintain a beer's optimum taste quality over its typical shelf-life. However, beer packaged in single-serving PET bottles is becoming more and more popular at concerts and sporting events.
Because the beer is bottled specifically for these events and consumed on the premises, there's no time for beer quality to deteriorate. New technology to meet the longer shelf-life needs of beer and wine continues to be introduced into the marketplace. Special grades of PET are used for take-out food containers and prepared food trays that can be warmed in the oven or microwaved.
These "dual ovenable" trays and containers have the same basic chemical formula as PET bottles and jars, but have special additives that crystallize and toughen the PET so it can withstand the much higher temperatures of oven and microwave heating. It has been used for food and beverage containers for decades without any known adverse effects.
PET is a very stable, inert material that doesn't react with foods or beverage and is resistant to attack by micro-organisms. Bisphenol-A BPA is a compound used in polycarbonate, a different type of plastic that is sometimes used in baby bottles, the lining of metal cans, and reusable sports bottles. PET does not contain dioxins, nor can it produce dioxins, and no dioxins are created in the manufacturing of PET. Dioxins are a group of compounds sometimes formed by high-temperature combustion over degrees F.
Dioxins can't be created without the presence of chlorine, and PET does not contain chlorine. Consequently, dioxins can't be produced when a PET container is heated or microwaved, exposed to sunlight, or washed and reused all urban myths.
PET contains no phthalates. Phthalates i. Plasticizer phthalates are sometimes used to soften other types of plastic, but they are not used in PET. Some consumers may have incorrectly assumed that PET is a phthalate because PET's chemical name is polyethylene terephthalate. Despite the suffix, PET is not a phthalate. Phthalates are low molecular weight monoesters made from ortho -phthalic acid. By comparison, PET is a high molecular weight polyester made from tere -phthalic acid.
Chemically they are very different. PET contains no known endocrine disruptors, and there is no credible scientific data to suggest that PET produces estrogen or endocrine modulating activity.
Studies that exposed both male and female laboratory animals to terephthalates during all phases of the reproductive cycle found no reproductive or developmental effects in either the test animals or their offspring.
Human caner risk from antimony is low where there is low exposure to antimony. Therefore, this includes plastic products. Migration out of the plastic occurs only at trace amounts, if at all. Very small amounts of antimony compounds are used in the production of both PET and glass. Antimony oxide is typically used as the catalyst in making PET, which is chemically bound into the polymer at very low levels. Over time and with extended exposure to heat, trace amounts of antimony may migrate into water or other beverages bottled in PET.
There is no reason for concern. No studies have found any toxic amounts of antimony in PET-bottled water or containers. Unfortunately, there has been some consumer misunderstanding of studies showing higher-than-normal levels of antimony when water bottled in PET was exposed to extreme heat degrees F for extended periods of time. Even then, the highest measured levels paralleled established safe levels for antimony in drinking water.
In short, the very small amounts of antimony that might be found in PET-bottled water are of no concern and do not pose any health risk. PET is recyclable and highly sustainable. It can be recovered and recycled again and again —— back into containers for foods, beverages and personal care products — or into carpet and clothing fibers, automotive parts, construction materials, industrial strapping or other packaging materials.
Approximately 1. PET is the most recycled plastic in the U. PET can be recovered, and the material reused, through a series of special washing processes or by a chemical treatment to break down the PET into its raw materials or intermediates, which are then purified and converted into new PET resin. Virtually every municipal recycling program in North America and Europe accepts PET bottles and containers, which can be easily identified by a triangle-shaped symbol and the number "1" stamped or molded into the bottom or side of the container.
Bottles, jars and other containers made of PET can be collected and recycled into a wealth of products. PET can be recycled into new PET bottles and containers, carpet and clothing, industrial strapping, rope, upholstery fabrics, boat sails, automotive parts, fiberfill for winter jackets and sleeping bags, construction materials, and many other items.
PET is a remarkably energy-efficient packaging material, with an environmental impact that compares very favorably to glass, aluminum and other container materials. And because PET is very strong yet lightweight, it allows more product to be delivered with less packaging, less weight and less fuel for transport.
These factors help explain why life cycle studies of PET have consistently shown it to be a highly sustainable material with a positive environmental profile. Because PET is resistant to attack by micro-organisms and won't biologically degrade, PET bottles and containers that find their way to the landfill remain inert and pose no risk of leaching or contaminating groundwater.
PET bottles and containers are thin walled and can be easily crushed flat, so they take up relatively little landfill space. Although the PET recycling rate continues to grow in both the United States and Europe, the Europeans seem more attuned to the value of recycling packaging materials. The U. Recycling used PET bottles and jars into new food-grade PET bottles and containers is a key example of the environmental benefits and sustainability of PET as a packaging material.
The development of modern and efficient plants dedicated to the closed-loop recycling of PET bottles continues to increase around the world. Why is PET used to package so many items? What is PET used for? What is PET made from? How can I distinguish PET bottles and containers from other plastics?
Why is PET sometimes called polyester? Can a PET water bottle be refilled and reused? How do I clean PET bottles for re-use? I'm concerned about accidental bacteria growth. Can PET be used to package beer? Are PET containers made for use in the oven or microwave different from PET containers used for beverage bottles and food jars? Is it approved by the FDA or other health-safety agencies? Does PET react with foods or beverages?
Can PET bottles that are left in a hot car or put in the microwave release dioxins? Does PET contain phthalates? Does PET contain endocrine disruptors? There have been reports identifying antimony as a human carcinogen. Is this true, and should I be concerned about antimony in PET? Why are trace amounts of antimony compounds found in PET bottles? Is this safe?
The expanded PET jar selection and Rapid Response capabilities at our west coast warehouse confirms our commitment to stock and deliver what our customers expect—high quality PET jars in a wide range of sizes and colors. And if one of our stock lines doesn't satisfy your needs, we can create custom bottles and jars for a minimal investment. In addition to over stock bottles and jars, Alpha offers rapid and cost-effective custom design services to create unique packages that set your product apart. See the up-to-date inventory levels here. Alpha is stocking of our best-selling items in California warehouse, including vitamin packers, cosmetic rounds and wide mouth jars. Click on the link below to see current inventory levels for these popular bottles and jars.
Packaging for Sustainability
Karli Verghese Dr. Verghese rmit. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers. The use of registered names, trademarks, etc. The publisher makes no representation, express or implied, with regard to the accuracy of the information contained in this book and cannot accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions that may be made. The authors do not accept any liability to any person or organisation for the information or advice provided in this book or incorporated into it by reference.
Read now EPM January/February 2019
The Glossary is presented here as a Wiki file which means that all visitors to the site are welcome to add to this list of terms,or make amendments to existing definitions. The Glossary is presented as a service to all E2MA members and our industry colleagues and customers. ACOM — Association for Convention Operations Managers — the industry association for event coordinators from hotels and convention centers. Accent Lighting —— Directional lighting used to highlight a particular area or object to draw attention to that portion of the field of view. Access Panel — Removable panel or section of exhibit to permit access to lamps, projector mechanisms, etc. Acetate — Film positive or negative from which silk screens are produced.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Manufacturing of plastic products in the packaging industry
A coating or film applied to a surface to prevent or reduce its adhesion to another material. See release agent. In effect it creates an exceptionally thin photonegative attached directly to the printing plate material. Surface damage caused by the rubbing of a part against another part or package surface. The ability of a surface to withstand the effects of repeated rubbing, scuffing and scratching. Also referred to as scuff or rub resistance. A material that will absorb liquids or gases into itself. An important packaging material category are those that absorb undesirable gases such as water vapor and oxygen. Oxygen scavengers, mostly based on finely divided iron, can be incorporated into packaging for use with oxygen-sensitive products.
World Aerosols July/August 2019
TP No. Users must reproduce the materials accurately, identify Transport Canada as the source and not present theirs as an official version, or as having been produced with the help or the endorsement of Transport Canada. To request permission to reproduce materials from this publication for commercial purposes, please contact: TCcopyright-droitdauteurTC tc. To comment on this publication, send an e-mail to: tdgcontainers-tmdcontenants tc.
Отправилась в аэропорт несколько часов. Самое место, где толкнуть колечко: богатые туристы и все такое прочее. Как только получит денежки, так и улетит. Беккер почувствовал тошноту. Это какая-то глупая шутка. Он не находил слов. - Ты знаешь ее фамилию. Двухцветный задумался и развел руками. - Каким рейсом она летит. - Она сказала, колымагой. - Колымагой.
FAQs - Frequently Asked Questions
В кромешной тьме вокруг ей виделись чьи-то лица. На полпути к ТРАНСТЕКСТУ тишина шифровалки нарушилась. Где-то в темноте, казалось, прямо над ними, послышались пронзительные гудки. Стратмор повернулся, и Сьюзан сразу же его потеряла. В страхе она вытянула вперед руки, но коммандер куда-то исчез. Там, где только что было его плечо, оказалась черная пустота. Она шагнула вперед, но и там была та же пустота. Сигналы продолжались.
Источник их находился где-то совсем близко.
Packaging for Sustainability
С чего это ты взял, что я шучу. Беккер промолчал. - Подними! - срывающимся голосом завопил панк. Беккер попробовал его обойти, но парень ему не позволил. - Я сказал тебе - подними. Одуревшие от наркотиков панки за соседними столиками начали поворачивать головы в их сторону, привлеченные перепалкой.
Stock and Custom Plastic Packaging
Его пальцы набирали слова медленно, но решительно. Дорогие друзья, сегодня я ухожу из жизни… При таком исходе никто ничему не удивится. Никто не задаст вопросов. Никто ни в чем его не обвинит.
Well this is awkward…
Бринкерхофф подошел к кабинету. Голоса показались ему знакомыми. Он толкнул дверь. Комната оказалась пуста.
Беги, Сьюзан. Открой дверцу. Спасайся. Она открыла глаза, словно надеясь увидеть его лицо, его лучистые зеленые глаза и задорную улыбку, и вновь перед ней всплыли буквы от А до Z.
Меган, - сказал он печально. - Я полагаю, что у вашей подруги есть и фамилия. Беккер шумно вздохнул.