United States. Federal Trade Commission. Conclusions and recommendations. Origin and scope of the inquiry.
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- Acceptability of wheat-sorghum composite flour products: an assessment.
- Art of baking
- Unit of competency details
- Whole Wheat Flour Malaysia
- Ethical Traceability in the UK Wheat-Flour-Bread Chain
- Organic soft wheat flours
- Wheat flour
- Professional bakery flour
- Labelling and Composition Requirements for Grain and Bakery Products
Acceptability of wheat-sorghum composite flour products: an assessment.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Baked Bread: how flour is made
On December 14, , amendments to nutrition labelling, list of ingredients and food colour requirements of the Food and Drug Regulations came into force. Regulated parties have a five 5 year transition period to meet the new labelling requirements. Division 13 of the FDR prescribes standards for many breads and flours. Provincial regulations may also have labelling requirements that apply when these products are sold within that province.
The requirements detailed in the following section are specific to grain and bakery products. Refer to the Industry Labelling Tool for core labelling and voluntary claims and statements requirements that apply to all prepackaged foods.
For grain and bakery products that meet one of the standards prescribed in Division 13 of the FDR, the name appearing in bold-face type, but not in italics, in the FDR is the appropriate common name of that product. The common name "biscotti" is used by the general population and can be used on its own without further explanation.
If the bran is from another source other than wheat bran, then the name of the grain must be stated, e. For information on declaration of wheat for allergen labelling purposes, see the section on Food Allergens and Gluten Declaration.
The following common names are suitable for various types of bread crumbs when sold individually or in the list of ingredients as a constituent of a food:. In general, " naming the bread bread crumbs " is the common name used for crumbs from the named bread. Other examples include " rye bread crumbs ", " potato bread crumbs ", etc.
In both of the above situations, bread crumbs sold as a product require a list of ingredients. When "bread crumbs" is used as a generic term, the list of ingredients needs to include all the types of bread used. For information on declaration of components when bread crumbs are used as an ingredient, see Component Declaration Exemption - Bread Crumbs and Toasted Wheat Crumbs. When truthful, "toasted" may also be added to " naming the bread bread crumbs", such as "toasted rye bread crumbs".
Crumbs of yeast leavened breads that meet the standards in B. These terms are not considered to imply that the food is a meal replacement definition , prepackaged meal definition or, in the case of "breakfast", an instant breakfast. The message conveyed is that it is bread suitable for consumption at that time of day or consumed with that meal. If a product is represented as a food that would replace a whole or complete meal, such as breakfast or dinner, it must meet specific requirements.
See Meal Replacement for more information. The term "risotto" is defined in both English and French dictionaries as a rice cooked in meat or seafood stock and seasoned. Because the common name "risotto" is the name by which the product is generally known, it is acceptable without further explanation or clarification.
The common name "shortbread" in connection with biscuits and cookies is acceptable because it is recognized as a type of biscuit. No additional description is required as part of the common name.
A separate standard exists for specialty breads [B. When a specialty bread complies with one of the other bread standards in Division 13 of the FDR , in addition to complying with the specialty bread standard [B.
The manufacturer does not have the option of calling such a bread "Fruit Bread" even though it meets the minimum fruit content required for "Fruit Bread" as specified in the Specialty Breads: Specialty Ingredients Table below.
The following table lists some of the common specialty breads and the acceptable common name along with the minimum content of the specialty ingredients:. The inclusion of the above specialty ingredients may also alter the nutritive value of the bread.
If a company wishes to use a common name that reflects the change in the nutritive value, all requirements for the applicable nutrient content claim must be met. For example:. Products resembling bread, but that do not meet the standard for bread due to ingredients or other differences, cannot be called bread.
Yeast is a mandatory ingredient in bread, therefore bread products made without yeast must state that yeast is not present in the common name or use an alternate common name. For example, the common name could either be "loaf" e. Sprouted Wheat Loaf or "Bread" in conjunction with a statement indicating how the product differs from the standard such as, "made without yeast" on the main panel e. Sprouted Wheat Bread - made without yeast' or even "unleavened bread" for products like pitas, chapatis, etc.
It is unacceptable to use of the term bread for cracker type products such as "crisp bread" which are not made by yeast leavened dough, unless the word bread forms part of a single word common name. Therefore "crispbread", "flatbread", " croustipain ", or " craquelin " are acceptable common names for a product that does not meet the standard for bread.
See Modified Standardized Common Names for more information on how to choose an appropriate common name for such products. The common name of flour sold on its own or in the list of ingredients may be declared as "flour", "white flour", "enriched flour" or "enriched white flour".
The vitamins and iron used to enrich the flour are required to be declared by the common name of their sources unless a component declaration exemption applies , e. If a flour product meets the compositional standard for flour except for the grind size, the common name "flour" may be modified to account for the coarser grind, for example "coarse flour", "coarse wheat flour" or "coarse bread flour" would all be acceptable common names for this product.
In some instances, a high fibre ingredient is added to bread to increase its fibre content. When this added ingredient is not permitted in the bread standard, the resulting product cannot be described simply as bread. See the Dietary Fibre Claims for more information on permitted fibre claims.
Wild rice does not fall under the standard for rice [B. However, "wild rice" is an appropriate common name for this food, including within the list of ingredients, as it is the name by which it is commonly known. As "wild" in this case refers to the type of food as opposed to how it was grown, it is acceptable whether the wild rice has been grown in a lake or in a paddy. There is no Canadian requirement to distinguish on food labels wild rice grown in paddies from wild rice grown in lakes.
However, it is acceptable to make such a distinction, when factual, e. When "bread crumbs" or " naming the bread crumbs" are used as an ingredient in a food, they are exempt from component declaration if they are made from a single type of bread that meets a standard prescribed under B.
No form or shape of bread is stipulated in the component exemption [B. When " bread crumbs " is used as a generic common name in the list of ingredients to refer to a mixture of crumbs of various types of bread, there is no component exemption. Toasted wheat crumbs are exempt from component declaration only when they are used in or as a binder, filler or breading of a food product [B. Refer to the Ingredients Exempt from Component Declaration Table in the Components section of the List of Ingredients page for a complete list of products exempt from component declaration in the list of ingredients and exceptions.
Alimentary paste made with tomato or spinach powder is, when used as an ingredient in another food, exempt from component listing under B. Tomato and spinach powders are not considered to be "flour". When enriched flour is used as an ingredient in any food, the vitamin and mineral nutrient components are not required to be declared in the list of ingredients [B.
If they are declared voluntarily in the list of ingredients, they are still exempt from declaration in the Nutrition Facts table [B. For additional information, see to Reasons for Losing the Exemption. Many bakery products have water as an ingredient.
The position of water in the list of ingredients can be based on the weight of the added water that remains in the food after processing. The SFCR requires the net quantity for consumer prepackaged food definition to be declared according to the established trade practices in some situations [ b ii , SFCR].
You can find more information on established trade practices for net quantity declarations for foods such as fruit cakes, donuts and other grain and bakery products in the Established Trade practices table found in the When to Use Weight, Volume or Count section of the Net Quantity page.
Serving sizes are based on the product as sold and are closely aligned with regulated reference amounts. The Table of Reference Amounts for Food provides reference amounts on which most serving sizes are based, and instructions on how to determine and express the serving size to be declared in the Nutrition Facts table.
Serving sizes for grain and bakery products are found under different categories in the Table of Reference Amounts for Food. Below are required serving sizes for some common grain and bakery products. Bread: For sliced bread, the serving size is based on 2 slices. For more information on reference amounts, refer to the reference amount section.
Flour which may also be called white flour, enriched flour or enriched white flour must contain added thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid and iron at the levels prescribed by regulation [B. In addition, vitamin B6, d-pantothenic acid, magnesium and calcium may also be added to prescribed levels [B. These added nutrients are not required to be declared in the Nutrition Facts table [B. White bread and enriched bread are both made from enriched flour.
The addition of vitamin and mineral nutrients directly to bread is not permitted by D. Therefore the minimum nutrient levels prescribed for enriched bread [B. Enriched Bread is required to contain per parts by mass of flour, either two parts by mass of skim milk solids, or four parts by mass of whey powder, or sufficient protein from peas or soybeans to provide 0. This addition will be sufficient to provide the prescribed amount of thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid and iron.
Enriched bread will also contain vitamin B6, d-pantothenic acid, magnesium and calcium when these are added to the flour. Breakfast cereals may contain added thiamine, niacin, vitamin B6, pantothenic acid, folic acid, iron, magnesium and zinc to levels specified by regulation [B. The content of the added vitamins and minerals is required to be declared in the Nutrition Facts table [B.
Pasta alimentary paste can be enriched with thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid and iron, in accordance with the table following B. Couscous is considered a form of pasta and therefore may be enriched as specified by B. In any of the above cases, the added vitamins and minerals must be declared in Nutrition Facts table and expressed as percent of the Daily Value [B.
Advertisers should be careful when producing breakfast cereal advertisements, especially television commercials intended for children. Energy claims and physical actions exaggerated beyond the limits of credibility are considered particularly unacceptable when directed at children. Depiction of physical action in games requiring more skill than actual physical energy is not usually considered to be a violation, provided there is no suggestion that such actions are the result of consuming the product.
Some health claims are prohibited on foods intended for children under two. Breakfast cereals are only one part of a good breakfast, and commercials or visual depictions should not give the impression that they constitute the whole meal or that they are the most important part of that meal. See the Advertising page for more information. Buns or bakery products made from enriched flour but not meeting the enriched bread standard [B. No other reference to enrichment should be made except that vitamins and minerals may be declared as components of the enriched flour.
The statement "made with unbleached flour" on products containing azodicarbonamide, when added at permitted levels, is acceptable as it does not bleach the flour. Pasta alimentary paste can be identified as "enriched" only if it contains thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid and iron, in accordance with the table following B.
If the term "Enriched" is used as part of the common name for pasta in the list of ingredients it is no longer exempt from component declaration [B.
It is not required to state the grains, but if done, this must be done in a way that does not create an erroneous impression about the composition of the food. Acceptable options may include naming all of the grains or naming those present in the greatest amount and indicating there are others.
With organic Soft Wheat Flours, we want to offer our customers reliable and versatile products with specific characteristics that make them ideal for all preparations, keeping intact the natural properties of the grains. Excellent quality and certified, Organic 0, Organic Strong 0, Organic Whole-wheat 0, and Organic Manitoba flours are dedicated to those who seek goodness and fragrance without giving up a healthy and natural diet every day. Recommended for the production of bread using direct and indirect method, classic pizza, dry pastries, and egg pasta. Our certified organic flour, ideal for all the sweet and savory recipes, is produced from a mixture of select and monitored soft wheat from organic farming.
Art of baking
Federal Trade Commission Decisions. United States. Federal Trade Commission. Wholesale prices and proceeds to growers for fresh fruits.
Unit of competency details
Whole wheat flour is a powder made from grinding the entire kernel. The bran and germ are removed during milling, while the endosperm is finely ground. The bran is milled separately and then added back to the endosperm. Whole wheat flour has the same proportion of bran, endosperm and germ as the original wheatberry. Wheat is produced globally. There is wheat production in the majority of the continental U. The region dictates the variety of wheat grown based on kernel hardness and color.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How It's Made: Bread
Our 25kg packs, dedicated to professionals and Master Millers, guarantee high performances as well as the best quality results in each type of production, from bread to pizza, from dessert to dough. Flour suitable for long rising, elastic suitable for various types of dough:Pastries, artisan bakery and pizzeria also. Our 2kg and 5kg packs, dedicated to cuisine lovers, restaurateurs and those who love express their creativity by cooking and create authentic and unique recipes. Semolina with calibrated grain size and increased elasticity, ideal for fresh pasta and durum wheat bread. As part of their standard functions the IT systems and software procedures that operate this website acquire some personal data, the transmission of which is implicit in the use of Internet communication protocols. This information is not collected in order to be associated to identify interested parties, but by its very nature may, through processing and association with data held by third parties, allow the users to be identified. This data category includes IP addresses or domain names from computers used to connect to the website, the URI Uniform Resource Identifier addresses of the requested resources, the time of the request, the method used to submit the request to the server, the size of the file received in response, the numerical code indicating the state of the response given by the server successful, error, etc. This information is only used in order to gather anonymous statistical information about use of the site and in order to monitor operations and is deleted immediately after it is processed. This data may be used to ascertain culpability in case of any IT crimes that damage the site, but currently, apart from this eventuality, data on web contacts is not kept for more than seven days.
Whole Wheat Flour Malaysia
On December 14, , amendments to nutrition labelling, list of ingredients and food colour requirements of the Food and Drug Regulations came into force. Regulated parties have a five 5 year transition period to meet the new labelling requirements. Division 13 of the FDR prescribes standards for many breads and flours.
At the King Milling Company, we mill multiple classes of wheat to produce a wide range of flours for bakers and food processors. Soft red, soft white, hard red winter and hard red spring wheats are available for milling, either individually or blended. Our soft red and soft white flours are milled from Michigan-grown wheat and are ideal for cookies, pie crusts, crackers, biscuits, donuts and other pastries. Our hard red winter wheat, grown in the Central Plains states, is milled into flours ideally suited for making breads, buns, dinner rolls and other yeast-raised products. Hard red spring wheat is grown in the Northern Plains states and contains a stronger protein than hard red winter wheat. Hard red spring wheat is milled into flours for making bread, pizza dough, artisan breads, pita bread, flat bread and many other yeast-raised products. All of our whole wheat flours are percent whole grain and can be milled from soft wheats or hard red spring wheat, providing a wide range of protein options. The wheat used in our whole wheat products goes thorough an extensive cleaning process that includes electronic color sorters. This process yields products of the highest purity and quality. Our soft white graham whole wheat flour has a more neutral flavor profile and lighter color than red wheats. For these reasons, it is preferred by many bakers and other food processors.
Ethical Traceability in the UK Wheat-Flour-Bread Chain
Our flours are never bleached nor bromated, and they contain no chemical preservatives. Product specifications follow international as well as Libnor standards and are certified food safe. Our flour is packed in 25kg and 50kg woven polypropylene bags or delivered in bulk to our partners with in-house flour silos. Get in touch to know more about available sizes, prices, and delivery options. We have cultivated a passion for the milling industry with cutting edge technology and continuously developing know-how, maintaining Bakalian Flour Mills as a forerunner in the industry. This passion is also the fruit of a close collaboration with our partners: artisan bakers, industrial bakers, and renowned restaurateurs.
Organic soft wheat flours
This thoroughly revised second edition addresses the full spectrum of cereal grain science, employing agronomic, chemical, and technological perspectives and providing new and expanded treatment of food enrichment techniques, nutritional standards, and product quality evaluation. Written by over 40 internationally respected authorities, the Handbook of Cereal Science and Technology, Second Edition discusses recent developments in the chemical composition and functionality of cereal components such as proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids; highlights newly developed special ingredients and microbiological operations in processed foods; and investigates the most up-to-date production, processing, and uses of triticale, wild rice, and other grains. The book also addresses the latest standards set by the U.
Professional bakery flour
Flour is a finely ground powder prepared from grain or other starchy plant foods and used in baking. Although flour can be made from a wide variety of plants, the vast majority is made from wheat. Dough made from wheat flour is particularly well suited to baking bread because it contains a large amount of gluten, a substance composed of strong, elastic proteins. The gluten forms a network throughout the dough, trapping the gases which are formed by yeast, baking powder, or other leavening agents.
Labelling and Composition Requirements for Grain and Bakery Products
Wheat has accompanied humans since remote times as far back as to BC in their evolution and development, evolving itself in part by nature and in part by manipulation from its primitive form emmer wheat into the presently cultivated species. The more important modern wheat species are hexaploid bread wheat Triticum aestivum L. Except for the very warm tropics, wheat adapts to all diverse climatic conditions prevailing in agricultural lands and, therefore, it is harvested in the world all year around. Its wide adaptation to diverse environmental conditions, along with its unique characteristic of possessing a viscoelastic storage protein complex called gluten, are the main factors making wheat the most important food crop in the world.
We use only our highest quality hard red spring wheat in our Whole Wheat All Purpose Flour to ensure a rich, nutty flavour and texture. Whole Wheat flour has a source of fibre as it includes the bran from the wheat grain. An excellent flour for every baking and cooking requirement, except for cakes with a delicate texture like chiffon and angel food. Store in a clean, dry area at room temperature.