The beverage industry consists of two major categories and eight sub-groups. The non-alcoholic category is comprised of soft drink syrup manufacture; soft drink and water bottling and canning; fruit juices bottling, canning and boxing; the coffee industry and the tea industry. Alcoholic beverage categories include distilled spirits, wine and brewing. Although many of these beverages, including beer, wine and tea, have been around for thousands of years, the industry has developed only over the past few centuries.
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- DEFINITION AND CLASSIFICATION OF COMMODITIES
- Soft drinks
- List of drinks
- Chemical Composition of Beverages and Drinks
- Types Of Beer Classification
- Could pea gin lead a new generation of carbon neutral spirits?
- Fermentation fear: One-in-five Aussie beverages non-compliant with alcohol limits
- BEVON: Beverage Ontology
- Food & Beverage
- Beer & alcoholic drinks
DEFINITION AND CLASSIFICATION OF COMMODITIESVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Digital Transformation in the Beverage Manufacturing Production Process
Absolute Ethanol - A pharmaceutical term for anhydrous ethanol. It is generally defined as having less than 1 per cent water.
Acetaldehyde - Otherwise known as ethanal, acetic aldehyde or ethylaldehyde. A clear flammable liquid with a characteristic pungent odor. It is miscible with both ethanol and water.
It has a narcotic effect on humans, and large doses may cause death by respiratory paralysis. It is a congener in the production of ethanol by fermentation, and is usually a major constituent of the heads fraction removed in rectification. Additives - Chemicals added to fuel in very small quantities to improve and maintain fuel quality.
Detergents and corrosion inhibitors are examples of gasoline additives. Acid Hydrolysis - The hydrolysis of a polymer by the use of acid. In the case of starch hydrolysis, acids may be used as an alternative to enzymes in either or both the liquefaction or saccharification processes. Acid numbers higher than 0. Acid Washing - A process in which yeast recovered from a finished fermentation is acidified to reduce the level of bacterial contamination, prior to recycling into a new fermentation.
ADP Alternate Delivery Procedures - A provision of many energy futures contracts that allows for both sides of the futures market to make deliveries under terms and conditions which differ markedly from those described by the strict delivery rules.
ADP's always occur following the expiration of contracts for the spot month, after deliveries have been matched. Ad Valorem Tax - A charge levied on persons or organizations based on the value of transaction. It is normally a given percentage of the price at the retail or manufacturing stage and is a common form of sales tax; e. This includes hypid power systems and fuel cells, as well as some specialized electric vehicles.
Treasury, Alcohol, Tobacco and Tax bureau. Aguardiente - An unaged alcoholic beverage produced in Central and South America by the distillation of beer derived from the fermentation of sugar-cane juice or molasses.
It is similar to a crude rum. Residual methanol in the fuel is a safety issue, because even very small amounts reduce the flash point; can affect fuel pumps, seals, and elastomers; and can result in poor combustion properties. The intent of the alcohol control requirement is to limit methanol to less than 0. Alcohols - Organic compounds that are distinguished from hydrocarbons by the inclusion of a hydroxyl group.
The two simplest alcohols are methanol and ethanol. Alcohol and Alcohol Blends - Family name of a group of organic chemical compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
Examples are methanol, ethanol and tertiary butyl alcohol. Alcohol and alcohol blends are added to gasoline in order to make it burn cleaner. Aldehydes - A class of organic compounds derived by removing the hydrogen atoms from an alcohol.
Aldehydes can be produced from the oxidation of an alcohol. Allowed Rate of Return - The rate of return that a regulatory commission allows on a rate base in establishing just and reasonable rates for a utility. It is usually based on the composite cost of financing rate base from debt, preferred stock, and common equity. Alpha Amylase - An enzyme used in the liquefaction of starch, in the grain-mashing process, prior to saccharification and fermentation.
Alpha amylase hydrolyzes the long-chain starch molecules into short-chain dextrins. These are more suitable for subsequent saccharification by other enzymes to fermentable glucose. Alpha amylase is an endo-enzyme in that it works from the inside of the amylose molecule, peaking it down more-or-less randomly. In beverage-alcohol production, the alpha amylase enzyme may be derived from malt sprouted barley , but in fuel-ethanol production, the enzyme is obtained solely as a bacterial product.
The enzyme molecule contains a calcium atom which is essential for its activity. Energy Policy Act, any dedicated, flexible-fuel, or dual-fuel vehicle designed to operate on at least one alternative fuel. American Society for Testing and Materials ASTM - A nonprofit organization that provides a management system to develop published technical information.
ASTM standards, test methods, specifications, and procedures are recognized as definitive guidelines for motor fuel quality as well as a poad range of other products and procedures. Amyl Alcohol - The principal constituent of fusel oil. Otherwise known as pentanol. Chemical formula C5H11OH. Eight isomers exist, the commonest being primary iso-amyl alcohol. Amylase - The name given to any enzyme which hydrolyzes or peaks down amylose, which is a major component of starch. Amylose - A major component of starch together with amylopectin.
The amylose molecule is composed of straight chains of hundreds of glucose units. In the grain-mashing process for ethanol production, amylose may first be poken down into short-chain dextrins by alpha amylase, which are, in turn, poken down into single glucose units by amyloglucosidase. Anhydrous - Describes a compound that does not contain any water.
Ethanol produced for fuel use is often referred to as anhydrous ethanol, as it has had almost all water removed. The ANSI federation consists of nine hundred companies, large and small, and some two hundred trade, technical, professional, labor, and consumer organizations.
Antibiotic - A chemical substance produced by micro-organisms, that has the capacity to inhibit the growth of other micro-organisms, or to destroy them. The antibiotic most commonly used in ethanol production is penicillin. Any Current Month - OPIS prices labeled as "any current month" represent transactions for product that buyer and seller agree will be delivered at any time during the current calendar month.
Any Delivery Any - Spot market terminology for deliveries that can be made at any time during the month at the seller's discretion. Spot market prices will often be tied to the delivery stipulations termed Prompt, Out , or Any. API American Petroleum Institute - A trade association comprised of larger, integrated oil companies that works for the common goals of the oil industry. API Gravity - Industry scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products.
Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. This report compiles changes in domestic petroleum production, imports, refining, capacity and product movements into and out of primary storage. Traders use this information to access supply and demand on a week-to-week basis.
These figures are usually released Tuesday afternoons. The release of these reports are often a catalyst for movement on the futures market. Aquavit - A name applied to various types of distilled spirits in northern Europe. In Germany it may apply to grape pandy. In Denmark it may apply to grain spirits flavored with caraway. In Sweden it may apply to grain spirits flavored with aniseed and dill. Arbitrage - The buying, selling, and exchange of petroleum products or crude oil in different markets with the express design to take advantage of location, product, and timing differentials.
Traders looking to move U. Gulf Coast No. Aromatics - Hydrocarbons characterized by their uniform carbon ring structure and their often pleasant aroma. Commercial petroleum aromatics are benzene, toluene, and xylene. These three are often referred to by the acronym BTX.
These chemicals are used as high octane components in gasoline. Aromatics have been judged to be undesirable in some finished motor fuels with various state and federal regulations geared toward reducing their levels. CARB diesel fuel in the state of California mandates a low aromatics composition.
Gives the poker the discretion to use his expertise to execute the contract, regardless of where the market moves, between when the order is given and execution is made. At the Money Option - Refers to the state which may piefly exist when the options strike price and the futures price intersect. A 90cts gal December call or put is "at the money" when the futures price is at 90cts gal. Azeotrope - The term used to describe a constant-boiling mixture.
It is a mixture of two or more components which has a lower boiling point than either or any component alone. The vapor of the mixture has the same composition as the liquid, and therefore, no further concentration can be achieved by normal distillation. Azeotropic distillation - A distillation process in which a liquid compound entrainer is added to the mixture to be separated to form an azeotrope with one or more of the components.
Normally the entrainer selected is easily separated from the component to be removed. For example, when benzene is used in azeotropic distillation to dehydrate ethanol, the overhead condensate phase-separates to yield a water-rich layer that can be withdrawn and a benzene-ethanol layer which is refluxed.
For example, the enzyme which peaks down amylose is referred to as an amylase. BTX - Industry term referring to the group of aromatic hydrocarbons—benzene, toluene and xylene see aromatics. Backwardation - Term that describes a market which features higher prices for prompt delivery than for forward material. Also referred to as an inverted market, this scenario offers no return for storage.
Bacteria Singular: Bacterium - Any of a large group of microscopic plants constituting the class Schizomycetaceae, having round, rod-like, spiral, or filamentous single-celled bodies that are often aggregated into colonies, are often motile by means of flagella, and reproduce by fission or by the formation of asexual resting spores. They may live in soil, water, organic matter, or the live bodies of plants and animals.
In ethanol production, bacteria are significant in that they compete with yeast to ferment the available sugars in a mash to products other than ethanol, and cause losses in yield.
However, some bacterial cultures may be added deliberately to rum fermentations, to help produce certain desired congeners. One genus of bacteria, Zymomonas is currently being examined commercially, for its ability to ferment sugars to ethanol.
Bacteria Contamination - The condition occurring when undesirable bacteria become established in a fermenting mash and reduce the ethanol yield. The bacteria use sugars to produce various compounds congeners , particularly acids, which may inhibit yeast activity. In severe situations, bacterial contamination may cause serious economic losses.
Absolute Ethanol - A pharmaceutical term for anhydrous ethanol. It is generally defined as having less than 1 per cent water. Acetaldehyde - Otherwise known as ethanal, acetic aldehyde or ethylaldehyde. A clear flammable liquid with a characteristic pungent odor.
Handbook of Food Chemistry pp Cite as. Major chemical constituents reviewed include pigments, colorants, carbohydrates, sweeteners, acids, volatile compounds, phenolic compounds, terpenoids and steroids, nitrogen compounds especially amines, amino acids, and proteins , minerals, vitamins, ethanol for alcoholic beverages , carbon dioxide for carbonated drinks , and preservatives. General relationships between chemical content and methods of processing are emphasized for several key beverages. Skip to main content. Advertisement Hide.
List of drinks
Effective date : Kind code of ref document : A1. An object of the invention is to provide fermented beverages, in particular, beer-taste ones that contain isoamyl acetate abundantly to assure high organoleptic appeal. The invention also provides a process for producing a fermented beverage by performing alcoholic fermentation of an aqueous liquid mixture comprising a feed containing a carbon source and optionally hop, as well as water, wherein a maize protein digest is incorporated as a nitrogen source in the feed either before or during alcoholic fermentation. The organoleptic appeal, in particular, the aroma of brewed alcoholic beverages such as regular beer and low-malt beer is greatly influenced by the brewing aroma of higher alcohols, esters and the like that are generated by a yeast during fermentation. Among these aromatizing substances, isoamyl acetate provides a brewing aroma that affords fruitiness by the banana-like flavor it has, and increasing attention is drawn to techniques that can intensify this component as a substance that enhances the organoleptic appeal of refined sake and wine as well as regular beer and low-malt beer.
The production of alcohol beverages is a process that involves the active participation of microorganisms, most often yeasts. Humans have been producing alcoholic beverages for thousands of years. The production of alcohol in these drinks is based primarily on yeast fermentation. Yeasts are eukaryotic microorganisms that ferment variety of sugars from different sources into the final products of carbon dioxide and alcohol. Wine is made from grapes or other fruit. The grapes are first cleaned of leaves and stems and the fruit is crushed into must that is ready for fermentation. The yeasts used for the fermentation grow a film on the fruit or in the environment. These wild strains play an important role in the final properties of the drink. However, cultivated strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are often added to improve the consistency of the final product. There are hundreds of commercially available yeast strains for wine fermentation.
Chemical Composition of Beverages and Drinks
People are passionate about their beers and alcoholic beverages. They want them to have the same recognizable characteristics in each drinking experience. You can deliver just that with our fermentable carbohydrates. They are easily digested by yeast in fermentations, which controls your costs and maintains consistency from batch to batch.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Beverage Ontology is a Web vocabulary for describing beverages, mainly alcoholic. The master version of this vocabulary is maintained in the GitHub repository so others can contribute edits and improvements. Most of the descriptions given here are from Wikipedia or from the websites of the related products. For example:. Cocktail Terms: These classes and properties are for describing beverages categorized under Mixed Drink. Container Terms: These classes and properties are used to describe beverage containers. They describe characteristics of beverages in relatively broad terms. Relation Terms: These properties are used for describing relations between beverages. Whisky Terms: These classes describe types of whiskies. Wine Terms: These classes describe types of wines.
Types Of Beer Classification
Soft drinks are sweet, fizzy, refreshing and alcohol-free. They consist of carbonated water with added syrup made from sugar and fruit or plant extracts. Some mineral water springs were known for producing water which was rich in minerals and naturally carbonated. The sparkling aspect of this water, like seltzer water, had long been a mystery. Production of the first artificially carbonated mineral water began a short while later. In , Johan Jakob Schweppe, a German inventor, developed an efficient process for carbonating water in Geneva. For a long time he had wanted to bottle spa water with all its benefits and make it available to everyone. As a result, he produced it artificially. The Schweppe, Paul and Gosse production plant opened in in London. In in the United States, an Atlanta pharmacist prepared a new syrup which, according to him, had soothing, thirst-quenching qualities.
Could pea gin lead a new generation of carbon neutral spirits?
The alcoholic and non alcoholic beverages are being used by human being since centuries back. Accompanying the increase in the variety of consumption there has been a parallel increase in the variety of alcoholic and non alcoholic beverages offered for sale. The alcoholic drinks market is broadly classified into five classes, starting from beers, wines, hard liquors, liqueurs and others. Similarly non alcoholic drinks market is broadly classified into carbonated drinks, non carbonated drinks and hot beverages. These include juices, energy drinks, carbonated drinks, tea, coffee and bottled water. The commercial success of a soft drink formulation depends upon a number of factors. A strong, well placed advertising campaign will bring the consumer to purchase the new product but, thereafter, the level of repeat sales will reflect the degree of enthusiasm with which the new drink has been received. The dramatic growth of fruit juice and non carbonated fruit beverage markets worldwide has been made possible by the development of new packs and packing systems and improvements in traditional packaging. Tropical fruits are the newest arrivals on the juice and fruit beverage market. Whisky is the portable spirit obtained by distillation of aqueous extract of an infusion of malted barley and other cereals that has been fermented.
Fermentation fear: One-in-five Aussie beverages non-compliant with alcohol limits
Drinks are liquids that can be consumed. In addition to basic needs, drinks form part of the culture of human society.
BEVON: Beverage Ontology
Over the past 25 years, Synder Filtration has become a leading supplier of membrane filtration technology to companies throughout the food and beverage industry. We take pride in partnering and collaborating with our customers to forge new and innovative ways to create quality products and lower operating costs. Our line of elements has expanded throughout the years with a wide range of molecular weight cut-offs available for applications such as corn wet milling, juice processing, and gelatin concentration.
Food & Beverage
Beer is made by the action of yeasts, using sugars from malted barley or other cereals and adjuncts, to produce ethanol. The use of starch hydrolysates is allowed in many countries. They are a cheap source of concentrated carbohydrates.
Beer & alcoholic drinks
A drink or beverage is a liquid intended for human consumption. In addition to their basic function of satisfying thirst , drinks play important roles in human culture.