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Ground Support Equipment ProgramVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: E3 Gate GSE systems for airports
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Most airport GSE operated on the airside of the airport are typically associated with the servicing of aircraft during the ground-based, airport turnaround process. Notably, airport GSE typically do not comprise the following: construction vehicles and equipment i.
Representative illustrations and summary descriptions of airport GSE types and functions are provided in alphabetical order. Notably, these types of GSE are limited to powered GSE and do not include non-motorized equipment such as baggage carts, fuel carts, storage tanks, etc. For ease of understanding, airport GSE are listed in Table 1. Most frequently used to push an aircraft back from the gate and onto the aircraft movement area e.
May also be used to move an aircraft to other locations on an airport e. Air Conditioner Also referred to as air carts, these units provide condi- tioned i. They are commonly utilized at non- contact gates, or when fixed-gate or centralized pre- conditioned air PCA units are not present.
Air Start An air start unit delivers compressed air to an aircraft to help start the engines during instances when the on-board APU is not operational or there are no other means for starting the engines.
Baggage Tractor Baggage tractors are among the most common and recognizable type of GSE at an airport. See also cargo tractor. Boarding Stairs Whether towed, pushed, or driven into position, boarding stairs provide a means of loading and un- loading passengers at hardstands i. Table 1. Airport GSE. GSE Types, Functions, and Emissions 9 Cabin Service Truck Cabin service trucks are designed to provide services and supplies to the aircraft main cabin while parked at the gate.
Typically used to deliver beverage and food carts but also used to remove trash and other used materials. They are equipped with a hydraulic lifting system to move the storage compartment to the desired height of the aircraft access door. Most cabin service trucks are equipped and registered to operate both on the airport site and on public roadways see also catering truck. Cargo Tractor Similar in design and utility to baggage tractors, cargo tractors GSE are used primarily to tow cargo carts from one aircraft or airport location to another.
Catering Truck Similar in design and utility to cabin service trucks, catering trucks provide services and supplies to the aircraft main cabin while parked at the gate. Typical- ly used to deliver beverage and food carts but also used to remove trash and other used materials, most catering trucks are equipped and registered to operate both on the airport site and on public roadways.
Container Loader Container loaders are highly specialized equipment designed to load and unload cargo containers, pallets, and other vessels from the aircraft cargo hold to a cargo cart or dolly and vice versa. Equipped with pneumatics and rollers to aid in moving the payloads both horizontally and vertically onto and off from the carts, they sometimes also are used to move the cargo containers from one location to another.
Container Transporter Similar in design and utility to a container loader, container transporters are used primarily to transport cargo containers, pallets, and other vessels between aircraft or between aircraft and other areas of the air- port.
Typically, these GSE contain two en- gines: one to power the vehicle and one to heat the deicing fluids. Emergency Vehicles Vehicles and equipment designed to respond to and address medical, fire, or other emergencies, including fire trucks, ambulances, and police cars.
Fork Lift Commonly used in industrial, manufacturing, and warehousing settings, fork lifts also are used at air- ports to move and transfer cargo form aircraft cargo compartments to other aircraft and locations at the airport and vice versa.
Fuel Truck Self-contained tanker trucks with pumps, filters, hos- es, and valves designed to transport fuel from the air- port fuel storage facility to the aircraft and dispense fuel into the aircraft fuel tanks.
Also known as refuel- ers. Ground Power Unit A ground power unit GPU is a fuel-powered genera- tor designed to provide electricity to an aircraft when it is parked on the ground and its main engines and on-board APU are off. Heater Specially designed heaters used to heat aircraft en- gines in cold climates to help prevent the freezing of lubricants and other fluids. Also used to heat aircraft cabins and cockpits when the main engines and APU are not operating. A cart equipped with a motor, vacuum device, and storage tank for the recovery of fuel that collects in the hydrant system underground vaults.
Hydrant Pit Cleaner. Hydrant Truck A specially designed truck equipped with pipes, valves, and filters to transfer fuel from the fuel hydrant sys- tem into the aircraft fuel tanks. Lavatory Service A vehicle designed for, and equipped with, a collection system and storage tank for the recovery and transport of aircraft lavatory wastes.
Also used to re- plenish the disinfecting chemicals into the aircraft lavatory system. A vehicle designed for, and equipped with, a transfer system i.
Maintenance Vehicle A utility truck designed to transport personnel, tools, and equipment to the aircraft for maintenance and repairs. Passenger Bus Buses and other similar vehicles are sometimes used to transport passengers and employees between air- craft and terminals on the airside.
Also referred to as people movers and mobile passenger lounges. Snow Removal Equipment Various forms of vehicles and equipment used to re- move snow and ice from runways, taxiways, and ramp areas. Can include loaders, plows, sweepers, and blowers. Used for the collection and removal of dirt, debris, and other objects from runways, taxiways, and aprons that could damage aircraft engines.
May include sweepers, vacuum systems, and air blowers. GSE emission types. For computing airport emission inventories, these types of emissions most often associated with GSE comprise the U. Figure 1 provides a summary listing of these types of emissions as they pertain to airport GSE. As discussed in Chapter 3, the amounts of emissions are typically expressed as the mass i.
EPA, under the federal CAA, is provided the underlying authority for the regulation of air emissions from the vast majority of man-made emission sources, including those clas- sifiable as airport GSE. For airport GSE, these are mostly limited to catering and cabin service trucks.
This category broadly includes aircraft, watercraft, locomotives, recreational vehicles, construction vehi- cles, farm equipment, etc.
For airport GSE, this represents the vast majority of vehicles and equipment and comprises baggage tugs, belt loaders, push- back tractors, etc. The emissions standards for on-road vehicles are typically much more stringent i. This dis- tinction applies to their intended range as well as their emissions characteristics, both of which differ significantly from on-road vehicles.
GSE Types, Functions, and Emissions 13 Importantly, the CAA preempts individual states from adopting or enforcing their own on-road and nonroad emission standards, with California being the only exception. Table 2 lists and summarizes the primary federal statutes and programs relevant to the control of emissions from airport GSE. EPA has also subdivided these engines into two broad classes. Federal regulations applicable to airport GSE emissions. GSE with CI engines are usually used for moving large payloads and include aircraft tractors and cargo loaders.
EPA has organized these emissions standards into classes or tiers based on the date of manufac- ture and rated engine output e. For example, manufacturers of nonroad CI engines must produce and offer for sale engines that meet the appropriate tier levels of emission standards and provide the necessary maintenance instruc- tions and servicing procedures for the engine owner or operator to follow.
These regulations also prohibit the disabling of emission controls on an engine or equipping an engine with an emissions defeat device. Since , nonmilitary owners and operators of CI nonroad engines and equipment must also use ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel. GSE with SI engines are usually used for moving lighter payloads and include baggage tugs, service trucks, etc. The federal emission standards for SI nonroad engines have been promulgated for equip- ment produced after They are also tiered to reflect increasing emissions controls over time based on the date of manufacture and horsepower, but include both exhaust emissions standards and evaporative emissions standards.
As with CI engines, the emissions standards and associated requirements are directed primarily at engine manufacturers, but the ultimate owner or opera- tor does have some responsibilities related to emissions.
Again, manufac- turers of SI nonroad engines must produce and offer for sale engines that meet the appropriate level of emissions standards and provide the necessary maintenance and servicing procedures. Fuel regulations require that in those parts of the United States with the worst air quality, SI engines must use reformulated or oxygenated gasoline to help reduce the formation of air pollutants. With the emergence of alternative fuels and technologies, other fuels now are becoming more commonly used with airport nonroad GSE as discussed in Section 2.
As with nonroad engines, engines used in on-road vehicles may be either CI or SI. As with nonroad vehicles, the newer on-road vehicles have more restrictive emissions standards than the older, preceding models. In air quality nonattainment areas, owners or operators of centrally fueled fleets may be required to participate in the U.
Additional standards apply to fuels, fuel additives, and fueling, particularly limitations on volatile components, sulfur, and certain toxic compounds such as benzene 40 CFR These types of vehicles may be fueled by a variety of types of fuels, including conventional petroleum-based fossil fuels such as gasoline and diesel, and cleaner-burning fuels such as natu- ral gas, propane, ethanol, methanol, biodiesel, hydrogen, electricity, and other fuels.
For example, Section e of the CAA allows Califor- nia to adopt and enforce standards and other requirements relating to the control of emissions from nonroad engines or vehicles other than construction or agricultural engines or vehicles smaller than horsepower and locomotive engines , the only stipulation being that the Cali- fornia standards are at least as protective of public health and welfare as the applicable federal standards.
In addition, other states may choose to adopt the California standards. The standard also requires enforcement of a 5-minute idling restriction as well as other requirements. The initial compliance date for the largest fleets was , and smaller fleets have later compliance dates. Under the Vision Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act, the FAA VALE program is intended to offer financial and regulatory incentives to airports to reduce emissions of air emis- sions voluntarily in geographical locations of the United States that are classified by the U.
While numerous types of airport projects are eligible for grants under the VALE program, generally it focuses on alternative-fueled GSE vehicles and low-emission technology infrastruc- ture. The VALE program also permits an entity other than the airport, such as a tenant airline or FBO, to acquire and use alternatively fueled GSE, but that entity must commit to certain restrictions with regard to the use and disposition of the equipment. Presently, the primary alternative fuels known to be used in GSE include compressed natural gas CNG , liquefied petroleum gas LPG, also known as propane , ethanol, and biodiesel.
These alternative fuels typically generate lower air emissions than the conventional fuels, particularly with respect to CO and PM. Electric-powered GSE generate almost no emissions on-site but have some air qual- ity impacts when accounting for off-airport electric power generation impacts.
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We offer excellent pricing and short lead times on an entire range of high-quality GSE. We supply an unprecedented variety of service capabilities that are unmatched in the industry, allowing us to customize complete GSE packages. Combine this with our team of professionally certified mechanics and engineers, revered customer service and an online parts store, and you have the best aircraft GSE supplier in the business. We stock a large selection of used, refurbished and zero-timed aircraft GSE.
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It offers solutions and ideas for the equipment of terminal buildings, the design and planning stage, the latest ground support equipment as well as IT systems, all in one place. All rights reserved. Request Exhibitor Info. Exhibit categories Terminal construction and installations Passenger handling Baggage handling Security equipment Cargo handling Passenger information technology Technical installations in buildings Terminal infrastructure Parking equipment and services Services Associations Consultancies Property management Terminal maintenance Trade press, information services.
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In , Swissport International AG provided best-in-class airport ground services for some million airline passengers and handled roughly 4. The world's leading provider of airport ground services and air cargo handling, with 66, employees, achieved consolidated operating revenue of 2. At the end of September , Swissport was active at airports in 48 countries on six continents. In working towards our vision, Swissport is focused on consolidating and strengthening our market position to ensure we are constantly driving industry innovation in key areas such as service, quality and reliability. Swissport International is further expanding its lounge business in Europe.
The assets at Brunswick Landing can meet the needs of the aviation and aerospace industry with ample hangar space, maintenance facilities and professionally appointed administrative offices. Not only are the facilities state-of-the-art, the region has a highly skilled and dedicated workforce and a healthy supply of affordable housing — much of which was constructed within the last five years. The repeal of the sales and use tax makes Maine more competitive in the aviation industry. Service bays, de-icing bays, service shops, administrative office, paint booth, blast room, wash bays. Accessible only by the airfield and located within the flight line. Hangar 5 Size: , Sq. Support and administration for up to people in two wings with three hangars each. One shared corrosion control bay, staff support, locker rooms, training rooms, maintenance shops. Maintenance shops are located on the ground floor with administrative space located on the second floor. Hangar 6 Size: , Sq.
Full Line of Advanced Aviation Safety Equipment
Aircraft rely on airport infrastructure to operate in a safe and efficient manner. Airbus works with airlines, airports, civil aviation authorities, and ground handling companies to facilitate daily aircraft operations at a diverse range of airports. As part of this collaborative approach, Airbus can calculate, simulate and optimise the time needed for aircraft turnarounds, and it can perform compatibility assessments for its aircraft with existing handling and servicing equipment — along with supporting the development of new ground support equipment.
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Scientific and Technical Information Office. Air Transportation And Safety. Aircraft Communications And Navigation. Aircraft Design Testing And Performance. Avionics And Aircraft Instrumentation. Aircraft Propulsion And Power. Aircraft Stability And Control. Environment Pollution.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Most airport GSE operated on the airside of the airport are typically associated with the servicing of aircraft during the ground-based, airport turnaround process. Notably, airport GSE typically do not comprise the following: construction vehicles and equipment i. Representative illustrations and summary descriptions of airport GSE types and functions are provided in alphabetical order. Notably, these types of GSE are limited to powered GSE and do not include non-motorized equipment such as baggage carts, fuel carts, storage tanks, etc.
The Swissport Profile
Ground Support Equipment GSE is the support equipment found at an airport , usually on the apron , the servicing area by the terminal. This equipment is used to service the aircraft between flights. As the name suggests, ground support equipment is there to support the operations of aircraft whilst on the ground. Many airlines subcontract ground handling to an airport or a handling agent , or even to another airline. Ground handling addresses the many service requirements of a passenger aircraft between the time it arrives at a terminal gate and the time it departs for its next flight. Speed, efficiency, and accuracy are important in ground handling services in order to minimize the turnaround time the time during which the aircraft remains parked at the gate. Small airlines sometimes subcontract maintenance to a much larger and reputable carrier, as it is a short-term cheaper alternative to setting up an independent maintenance base. Some airlines may enter into a Maintenance and Ground Support Agreement MAGSA with each other, which is used by airlines to assess costs for maintenance and support to aircraft.
AVTA: Airport Ground Support Equipment Specifications and Test Procedures
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