The core of every manufacturing society- Metals business line is one of the most prominent tangible industries that processes and converts metals into usable forms. The Metals Division, being one of the most dominating segments of Toyota Tsusho India Private Limited, optimizes the unique properties of ferrous and non-ferrous metals and turns them into products and logistics business to match the needs of both customers and suppliers. This division comprises of multiple strategic business units SBUs , that do not just produce but also manage the entire lifecycle of steel, non-ferrous products and green metals products. Moreover, it also ensures that each SBU responds to varied customer needs with proposals that can cover multiple types of metal products. Following the roots of Toyota Tsusho Corporation, the Metals division of Toyota Tsusho India Private Limited, as a partner with several steel giants of the Indian market, performs various functions with ferrous and non-ferrous metals. From providing logistics support to suppliers to distributing raw materials to manufacturers, this division facilitates the operations of a supplier to meet the demands of the end-consumer in real time.
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Non-ferrous metals: unmixed materials for industryVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: AMIE Exam Lectures- Materials Science - Ferrous Alloys & Non Ferrous Alloys - 11.1
Any solid metal that can be melted can be cast. Foundries are the factories that do this casting work, developing expertise with a handful of metals and methods, and designing standard products to maximize value and efficiency in production. Metals and casting methods influence each other: the best casting choice for a product is influenced by how its metal will behave in molten, cooling, and solid states. One of the major distinctions in specialization is whether foundries work with ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals, or both.
The definition of a ferrous metal is any metal that contains iron; non-ferrous metals do not. Grey iron is the most common metal cast in foundries. Outside of the foundry, steel is the ferrous alloy most used in industry, construction, and transportation. Foundries that specialize in common casting methods like sand casting usually work in metals chosen for specific qualities such as ease of melting and pouring, detail capture within the mold, predictable behavior while cooling, and readiness for machining or finishing.
Alloying iron with other elements in different ratios can mitigate or eliminate one or more of these factors. Hundreds of ferrous alloys are well-known. They are specified by the proportions of each element in their makeup, as well as directions on their melting and finishing.
Ferrous alloys with carbon are usually named iron or steel, and can contain any number of other elements, from aluminum to vanadium, based on their specification. These metals are usually chosen for their mechanical properties. Engineers and designers might be interested in their yield strength, toughness, ductility, weldability, elasticity, shear, and thermal expansion, all of which describe how a material will behave under specific stressors.
These distinctives aspects of iron can be changed in alloys, which mix iron with other elements. Stainless steel is a good example, with some alloys of stainless being both non-magnetic and non-corrosive.
A common way of telling if a metal is steel is to put a magnet against it, since the iron in the alloy will cause the magnet to stick; however, people who have tried to stick magnets to their stainless steel fridge know this is not a foolproof test. Though the iron is still present in this ferrous alloy, a high percentage of nickel changes the microstructure of the steel enough to prevent a magnetic reaction. Stainless steel also does not corrode like other iron alloys and this is thanks to an addition of chromium.
Chromium protects against rust through a process called passivation , in which the top molecules of the metal oxidize but stay strongly bonded to the metal below, forming an impenetrable shell. They are relatively inexpensive, dense irons. When they are heated and cast, they have a much higher flowability at lower temperatures than steel, meaning that they can flow into and fill parts of a complex mold with greater efficiency. Cast irons also shrink at half the rate of steel while cooling.
Basic cast irons have good compression properties, but they are brittle: they will fracture before they bend or distort. This vulnerability can mean that brittle grades of cast iron are not used for designs with extruding or elaborate details, or with very sharp edges, as these features may chip. Grey Iron is the most common type of cast iron currently produced, featured in everything from manhole covers to disc brakes on cars.
It gets its name from the color it takes upon fracture, which is grey due to the presence of graphite as the carbon additive. Grey iron is 2. Grey iron is still inflexible: it bends very little before breaking. Ductile Iron is a form of cast iron in which the carbon added is a spherical nodular graphite. Ductile iron is usually 3.
Higher ferrite levels mean it builds up on cutting tools during machining, so it is often used in primarily cast manufacture, where very high flowability makes it a great choice for finely detailed work. The spheroid shape of the graphite that gives ductile iron higher impact resistance and tensile strength than either cast or grey iron, making detailed or edged designs feasible.
Ductile iron is a relative newcomer in the specification of irons, as it was first discovered in Steels of all sorts are also sometimes cast. In general, steel has a carbon content of less than 2. Steel has stronger mechanical properties than cast irons, but what is gained in toughness is lost in flowability.
Molten steel needs to be much hotter than molten iron to flow into detailed molds, and the high temperatures required to work with steel are challenging to manage and can handicap the design and finish of the object that comes out of the mold.
As with all castings, different parts of a piece can cool at different rates, and this differential causes stress within the product: because steel shrinks more extensively and rapidly than cast irons, these stresses need greater management in cast steel.
These challenges mean that steel can be much more labor-intensive to cast well. It requires expert attention during all stages of its production. Still, the high mechanical strength of the final product can make a steel alloy the clear choice for some applications, with machining providing end stage finishes. Other alloys of iron exist outside these common types, and are used in specific applications where their mechanical behaviors are useful. For example, elinvar is a nickel-iron alloy that does not expand and contract in heat, and is used in very small parts in clocks and other precision devices.
These metals include every metal and alloy that does not contain iron. A short list of common non-ferrous metals will include:. With such a wide range of materials in this grouping, many of the mechanical properties that recommend iron can be discovered in non-ferrous metals.
For example, alloys of aluminum or titanium could be substituted for steel in many cases, if it were not cost-prohibitive to do so. However, because non-ferrous metals often cost more, they tend to be chosen for their unique attributes, rather than for the ways they can behave like steel.
Lighter weights, conductivity, corrosion resistance, non-magnetic properties, tradition, or decorative value are some of the reasons to choose a non-ferrous metal. Some metals are prized exactly because they are rare: before widespread aluminum manufacturing was possible, aluminum was a luxury metal used in high-end tableware.
All sorts of specialized materials are cast. However, in traditional sand casting foundries, there are three noteworthy non-ferrous casting metals. Bronze and brass were the first metals cast by humanity in the Bronze Age, and these copper alloys are still sand casted today. Bronze and brass are softer than steel, but they are corrosion resistant even in the presence of salt, so these metals are used in standard marine applications like fittings on boats.
Both alloys are quite expensive as they rely on copper, a metal also in demand for its electrical properties. Aluminum is a metal with a much lower density than iron, making it a vital material in applications that need strength without weight, such as the aerospace industry. It is corrosion resistant because aluminum, like stainless steel, reacts to oxidization by creating a metal oxide shell that protects it.
Aluminum also has a lower melting point than many of the steels or irons it might replace, which makes it easier to cast than steel, needing less oversight for complex forms. The biggest disadvantage of aluminum is expense. When designing a casting , finding the perfect metal to balance value and form is an art and science.
The right metal for a job will satisfy both the aesthetics and mechanical requirements of the application, and this will influence the production methods required to take a prototype to final product. Ferrous metals are the most common choice for castings, often picked for their cost-efficiency and their mechanical properties.
Non-ferrous alloys like bronze and brass can also be chosen for tradition or for their beauty. Consultation with an engineer can help a designer find harmony between the different aspects of their project, choosing the perfect metal to honor both application and budget. Not sure what you're looking for?
Browse through our products or contact our customer service department. Call us Email us. Materials Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals. Metal characteristics and composition for casting design. December 20, A list of ferrous metals contains iron and its alloys, including all steels. In ferrous metals, iron and steel are the most common casting materials.
The mechanical properties of ferrous metals like steel make for strong load-bearing wheels. Steel Steels of all sorts are also sometimes cast. Other iron alloys Other alloys of iron exist outside these common types, and are used in specific applications where their mechanical behaviors are useful.
Non-ferrous metals and their uses These metals include every metal and alloy that does not contain iron. A short list of common non-ferrous metals will include: Precious metals like silver, platinum, and gold Copper and its alloys like bronze and brass Nickle, Palladium, Platinum Titanium Aluminum Tin, Lead Zinc With such a wide range of materials in this grouping, many of the mechanical properties that recommend iron can be discovered in non-ferrous metals.
Bronze and brass Bronze and brass were the first metals cast by humanity in the Bronze Age, and these copper alloys are still sand casted today.
Aluminum Aluminum is a metal with a much lower density than iron, making it a vital material in applications that need strength without weight, such as the aerospace industry.
Considering casting materials When designing a casting , finding the perfect metal to balance value and form is an art and science. See more results Generic filters. Hidden label. Receive updates via Reliance Foundry's newsletter. You may unsubscribe at any time.
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Primary Activities Alumina mfg; Bauxite refining; Calcined alumina mfg Aluminium Smelting This Class consists of units mainly engaged in smelting alumina to produce aluminium, in the recovery of aluminium from scrap, or in alloying aluminium from primary aluminium smelted at the same units. Primary Activities Aluminium alloys mfg from primary aluminium smelted at the same unit ; Aluminium from scrap recovery; Aluminium smelting from alumina ; Electrolytic aluminium mfg Copper, Silver, Lead and Zinc Smelting, Refining This Class consists of units mainly engaged in primary smelting or refining of copper, silver, lead or zinc, or in the recovery of these metals from waste or scrap. This Class also includes by-production of sulphuric acid in conjunction with the smelting of these metals. Primary Activities Blister copper mfg; Copper smelting, refining; Copper, silver, lead or zinc from scrap or waste materials recovering; Electrolytic copper mfg; Electrolytic zinc mfg; Lead smelting or refining; Silver smelting, refining; Silver-lead bullion mfg; Spelter mfg; Wirebars, copper, mfg; Zinc smelting or refining Basic Non-Ferrous Metal Manufacturing n. This Class consists of units mainly engaged in primary smelting, secondary smelting and refining of non-ferrous metals n. This Class also includes units mainly engaged in manufacturing metal powders or flakes, of molybdenum, tantalum or tungsten except from scrap.
Any solid metal that can be melted can be cast. Foundries are the factories that do this casting work, developing expertise with a handful of metals and methods, and designing standard products to maximize value and efficiency in production. Metals and casting methods influence each other: the best casting choice for a product is influenced by how its metal will behave in molten, cooling, and solid states. One of the major distinctions in specialization is whether foundries work with ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals, or both. The definition of a ferrous metal is any metal that contains iron; non-ferrous metals do not. Grey iron is the most common metal cast in foundries. Outside of the foundry, steel is the ferrous alloy most used in industry, construction, and transportation.
Throughout the long-term history of work the Factory has carried out classical schemes of refining gold and silver to the finest details and has gained rich experience and performed several dozens of large scientific researches in the spheres of metallurgy and chemistry of gold, silver and metals of platinum group. Novosibirsk Non-Ferrous Factory was closed down in but some part of equipment and personnel were directed to the new factory built in the Ryazan region. Novosibirsk Non-Ferrous Factory was reconstructed in in the same place where it had been before, but the new factory was named Novosibirsk Refinery. It kept almost all the personnel, production and technological capacities of the former Novosibirsk Non-Ferrous Factory. Silver as Plates. Platinum Platinum as Standard Ingots, Mass: max. Palladium Palladium as Standard Ingots, Mass: max.
Here we have gathered some useful information to help you identify the most common types of scrap metal and determine their value. Ferrous metals usually contain iron. Typical examples include engineered materials such as steel and cast iron, combining an iron base with small amounts of other metals or elements added in. Ferrous metals are easily identified by their magnetic properties , as well as their poor resistance to corrosion and rust. There are only a few exceptions to this rule, as in the case of wrought iron made resistant to rust due to the inclusion of stainless steel in its creation. Ferrous metals are highly valuable in a wide variety of areas including in manufacturing and construction, electronics and home appliances, agriculture and much more. The recycling of iron is therefore a significant contributor to reducing CO2 emissions and mitigating potential environmental damage from both commercial and domestic spheres. Non-ferrous metals are those which do not contain iron and are not magnetic. They are also usually more resistant to corrosion than ferrous metals.
NON FERROUS METALS
Like their ferrous cousins, non-ferrous metals such as copper or brass can be recycled as many times as desired with almost no loss of quality. Reusing them conserves already scarce resources, making a vital contribution to environmental protection. The metal specialists at ALBA Group sort these valuable secondary raw materials thoroughly, process them in line with customers' requirements and supply them directly to the international market - closing the material recycling loop.
Although the combined needs of the global iron and steel industry still continue to dominate the market, the cement and glass industries refractories requirements are also increasing, and although the needs of the non-ferrous industries are relatively small in comparison, they can still provide a valuable niche market for refractories producers, looking for regular repeat business across a wide range of refrac tories materials and product types. The product range also includes chip melting and holding furnaces. Burner air preheating by means of a heat exchanger can significantly reduce gas consumption. Increased flame temperature enables process time reduction and further utilisation of exhaust heat — a plus for the environment. Subscribe for free to the RSS feed. Legal notice Terms of service Privacy Publications. Search Registration Prices Your request. Aluminium, Non-ferrous Metals D. Jarvis Refractories for Non-Ferrous Metals Although the combined needs of the global iron and steel industry still continue to dominate the market, the cement and glass industries refractories requirements are also increasing, and although the needs of the non-ferrous industries are relatively small in comparison, they can still provide a valuable niche market for refractories producers, looking for regular repeat business across a wide range of refrac tories materials and product types.
Iron, Steel & Non-Ferrous Metal
In metallurgy , a non-ferrous metal is a metal, including alloys , that does not contain iron ferrite in appreciable amounts. Generally more costly than ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals are used because of desirable properties such as low weight e. For example, bauxite is used as flux for blast furnaces , while others such as wolframite , pyrolusite and chromite are used in making ferrous alloys. Important non-ferrous metals include aluminium, copper, lead , nickel , tin , titanium and zinc, and alloys such as brass. Precious metals such as gold , silver and platinum and exotic or rare metals such as cobalt , mercury , tungsten , beryllium , bismuth , cerium , cadmium , niobium , indium , gallium , germanium , lithium , selenium , tantalum , tellurium , vanadium , and zirconium are also non-ferrous. Due to their extensive use, non-ferrous scrap metals are usually recycled. The secondary materials in scrap are vital to the metallurgy industry, as the production of new metals often needs them. Non-ferrous metals were the first metals used by humans for metallurgy.
What is a non-ferrous detector and a ferrous detector?
We stock a large range of foil for numerous applications including converter foil for packaging blister foil for the pharmaceutical industry, container foil, capacitor foil, cigarette foil, household foil and foil for cable wrap. We offer extra wide plates for shipbuilding and transport industry, cladded strip for brazed heat exchangers, thread plates and cathode sheets to customer dimensions. Plates can be cut to any required size. We also offer special alloys for the tooling industry. In stock are micro and multiport tubes, tubes for HVAC applications and heat exchangers, lubricated tubes for HVAC application, bus bar tubing for automotive industry in lengths of 15 meter max. We also offer Copper, Brass and other Copper metals including rolled products like cable foil, tubes for HVAC and cooling applications. Copper-Nickel tubes and fittings for shipbuilding. Please contact us for specific requirements.
Basic metal products
Our business unit covers a wide range of metal products, such as shaped steel, plates, rails, wheels and axles for rolling stock, crankshafts, sheets, wire rods, stainless steel, aluminium, and titanium. To satisfy the diverse needs of our customers and capitalise on the growing demand for iron, steel and non-ferrous products in emerging markets in Asia, we are actively reinforcing our business by enhancing our functions and entire value chain from upstream to downstream operations in various fields. In steel sheets, we provide a full range of services through our network of steel service centres and regional offices spread across Asia, mainly to automakers and electric appliance manufacturers.
- Мы очень заняты. Беккер старался говорить как можно официальнее: - Дело весьма срочное. Этот человек сломал запястье, у него травма головы.
Да, - ответил дружный хор голосов. - Так вот… - Соши шумно вздохнула. - Похоже, я ошиблась.
Никто лучше его не знал, как тщательно следило агентство за своими сотрудниками, поэтому сообщения, приходящие на этот пейджер, как и отправляемые с него, Стратмор старательно оберегал от чужих глаз.
Сьюзан опасливо огляделась. Если до этого Хейл не знал, что они идут, то теперь отлично это понял.